Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on TelevisionTalk about nonheterosexual sexual dilemmas…

Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on TelevisionTalk about nonheterosexual sexual dilemmas…

Same-sex behavior that is sexual

Every 2-minute period that had been coded as containing a minumum of one form of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, along with other intimate behavior 2 has also been evaluated for the existence of same-sex behavior that is sexual. Because of this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted when you look at the period happened between two different people associated with exact same intercourse.

Speak about nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas

Each interval that is 2-minute was have a glance at the website indeed coded as containing one or more example of talk from the intimate talk groups utilized in the key coding task ( e.g., feedback about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, explore sexual activity who has currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) has also been coded for whether some of the sexual talk associated with nonheterosexuals. Because of this product, programmers again used a yes/no response format to point whether some of the intimate talk reflected the intimate interests or issues of nonheterosexual people. Most frequently, such remarks associated with gays and lesbians, although sometimes these people were related to bisexuals.

Intimate responses involving homosexual and references that are lesbian have purposes apart from portraying the intimate issues among these groups such as for example usage by right figures to reaffirm their heterosexuality or even tease another individual. Therefore, criteria had been founded to make sure that this product had been coded “yes” for an interval only if speak about intercourse involving nonheterosexual references really addressed sexual dilemmas of gays, lesbians, or bisexuals; otherwise, the responses had been coded within their appropriate talk that is sexual but did not count toward a yes response for this product. For instance, if a character that is male to guard his present dating dry spell and not enough sex-life by asserting, “Well, it is not like i am homosexual; i simply have not met the best girl!” such a comment will have been coded in the primary coding task into the intimate talk category “own/others’ intimate passions or actions” because he made a mention of the their intimate curiosity about females, however the mention of the maybe perhaps not being homosexual will never have counted toward a confident reaction to the item on speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems.

System Coding

Coder training

When it comes to very first 12 months’s content analysis, 16 pupils (10 females, 6 men) from regional universities served as programmers; within the 2nd 12 months, 13 programmers (8 females, 5 men) who have been either present university students or current graduates carried out this content coding. Six regarding the programmers done both content analyses. The stages of coder training included orientation to the coding task and codebook, big team coding of programs perhaps maybe not when you look at the test with supervisors, last but not least specific coding of practice programs where coders assessed shows separately after which talked about the outcome period by period in regular conferences. Initial dependability analyses had been carried out on information gathered through the specific training period of training to ascertain whenever programmers could continue using the real coding task. The dependability analyses presented below, nevertheless, connect with assessments of coder contract acquired through the coding of a subset of programs within the scheduled system examples.

Coding procedures

Programmers viewed sequential 2-minute periods of system some time coded the existence or lack of intimate behavior and speak about sex linked to nonheterosexuals. Whilst the coding had been restricted to system content and excluded commercials along with other promotions, programmers utilized kitchen area timers as well as the counters from the videocassette recorders to trace 2-minute periods of system time. Programmers recorded information on scannable kinds for every single period while they viewed it. Although programmers were permitted to carry information forward (i.e., use information presented in previous periods to comprehend the information in subsequent ones), these people were maybe maybe not permitted to rule backwards (i.e., use information learned later in system to return and alter the coding in an early on period). All opening credits and people closing credits followed closely by content through the current episode (i.e., one last scene) had been coded.

Interrater Reliability Analyses

More or less 11 to 12percent of this programs into the system examples (n = 157 and n = 154 when it comes to very very first and 2nd content analyses, correspondingly) had been arbitrarily assigned to two coders for separate coding and dependability evaluation. After both programmers’ information have been recorded and analyzed for dependability purposes, the programmers then came across to eliminate any discrepancies within the two sets of reviews and create your final group of ranks for the show which was utilized in information analyses associated with whole system test. Assessment of dependability ended up being conducted for a basis that is ongoing the 4 to 5 months it took programmers to accomplish the complete program sample every year. Programs out of each and every genre and each community kind were contained in the dependability analyses. Genres were represented into the double-coded examples in approximate percentage with their representation when you look at the general system examples.

For purposes of reliability evaluation, the sheer number of 2-minute periods coded for every adjustable regarding intimate minorities had been summed throughout the periods within an episode to measure the regularity with which same-sex intimate behavior and speak about nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas happened within each system episode. This summing lead to converting nominal data (i.e., presence/absence) in the level that is 2-minute-interval regularity counts at the program degree (wide range of periods by which same-sex intimate behavior took place the episode). Consequently, the dependability analyses used the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The ICC is an evaluation associated with percentage of variance when you look at the measures owing to coder agreement corrected for opportunity. For period information like the regularity counts utilized right here, the ICC is the same as Krippendorf’s alpha (Krippendorf, 1980).

An ICC of .70 had been utilized once the criterion for appropriate dependability. Both products utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes significantly exceeded this criterion. The ICC for same-sex behavior that is sexual .97 in 12 months 1 and .99 in 12 months 2. The ICC for speak about nonheterosexual sexual problems ended up being .89 in 12 months 1 and .95 in 12 months 2.

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